Benefits of therapy

Zoe specialises in evidence-based practice, mainly Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT), however is also flexible and interactive in her approach and considerate to what is most beneficial for the client. Exploring the most appropriate course of treatment must follow a clinical assessment. As such, there is no one set or better approach than the other, and the approach should differ depending on the assessment/diagnosis, the problem's duration, client's age, as well as other environmental and situation factors, such as the client's support system. Other approaches might include systems therapy for family or marriage-based problems, humanistic therapy, and play therapy for children.

Deciding to have therapy & an approach to a solution. Trust your judgment.
Therapy is needed when a disorder causes a significant amount of distress and impairs everyday functioning and/or causes problems to others around. Making the move and deciding on therapy is the first step.

read more
Deciding on therapy is a personal and proactive choice (except in the case where one is a minor or not fit to make their own decision). Seeking resolution to a persisting or new problem is usually the main motive for therapy.

However, you don't always have to know whether you need therapy in order to consult a psychotherapist. A therapist may be consulted to help determine whether your concerns are normal, amenable to self-help or likely to be resolved in treatment. Many times, just having someone to talk to who will listen in an empathetic and nonjudgmental environment goes a long way toward relief and self assurance. Generally, you might realise you are in need of therapy when:

  • There is some sort of personal crisis
  • Suffering from chronic medical illnesses
  • Other mental health issues
  • Worsening psychological/emotional pain
  • Suffering from some sort of disorder
  • Stress, trauma, depression
  • Substance use and substance abuse
  • You wish to resolve a personal or relationship problem
  • You are ready to consider the meaning of your life and to improve its quality
  • You have been ordered to seek help from some government agency, employer or family member

Remember, regardless of the exact reason for seeking psychological help, the fact you have decided to take action is a good move and a step in the right direction. It is indeed a sign of personal strength and an indication of respect for your personal well being.

There are numerous types of therapies used by psychologists to treat all sorts of disorders.
The goal of therapy is to provide an empathetic and nonjudgmental environment that allows the client and therapy provider to work together towards a mutually agreed set of goals.

read more
When you think of therapy, most people think it involves the classic talk therapy; a client, couch and a psychologist listening and taking notes. Although therapy does many times incorporate this method, there are many other types of therapies and approaches used to help a client overcome certain problems and disorders. Below is an overview of the most common forms of therapies used at Cyprus-Therapy by Zoe Anthouli.

  • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) deals with the person's dysfunctional emotions, such as how they view themselves or others. The behaviourist part of the therapy replaces the maladaptive ways the individual has learned in dealing with their emotions and teaches new and beneficial ways of dealing with the presenting symptoms. As such, cognitive therapists tend to focus on specific problems, working with a client to change thought patterns or to change problematic behaviours that have been trained through years of reinforcement. This type of therapy is often used for various mental disorders including Schizophrenia. Meanwhile, while the behaviourist part of therapy works with replacing maladaptive behaviours work to change problematic behaviours. This therapy might be used to overcome phobias for example. Often, cognitive and behavioural approaches are combined when treating a disorder.
  • Psychodynamic Therapy focuses on the psychological roots of emotional suffering, i.e. it looks into the person's past in order to find any unresolved conflicts that may have caused and/ or maintained the disorder – is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a client's psyche – through self-reflection and self-examination – in an effort to alleviate psychic tension.
  • Psychotropic Medications treat symptoms but not the cause of the disorder. This is not to say that medications are not needed. In fact, certain disorders such as Bipolar I or II; ADHD and Schizophrenia can only be dealt with medications, together with behavioural changes in the person's environment if the psychiatrist is available for talk therapy.

For some people therapy can be an intense process. Most of us are looking for a quick fix in order to make our problems disappear. However, even certain kinds of phobias such as a specific phobia can take time to treat properly.

When researching the appropriate course of treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) I have found that, not only does your past experience pre-disposes you for this disorder but that it also causes a significant hormonal imbalance and if left untreated the amount of stress can predispose the individual to other chronic illnesses, and/or substance use. I have also established that no one therapeutic approach is superior to the other, such as Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) or Psychodynamic or Psychotropic medications. It is rather the combinations of all that will cure the disorder or the course of treatment can be determined by the characteristics of the individual. For example, the age, gender or the stressor that caused PTSD to the client can be the determining criterion for the choice of treatment.

See full list of different types of therapies

There are a number of common disorders that therapy strives to help overcome. Read more about different types of disorders Cyprus-Therapy can deal with.

Approach to psychology

There are a number of important points to highlight about Cyprus-Therapy's approach and practical method to psychology and therapy. Perhaps none more important than the fact that it all begins with the assessment of the client and identifying their difficulty, then in turn determining most appropriate form of treatment. Together with this comes a direct, yet comfortable approach and focus on client interaction, which essentially allows the therapist to gather more, and more specific information.

  • Client & assessment specific approach
    There are a lot of different approaches to therapy: Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT), among other. Cyprus-Therapy mainly utilises CBT (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy), however also understands that no one approach is superior to the other, but rather each approach very much depends on the diagnosis, and of course should be tailored to each individual client and their relevant situation, i.e. their age, duration of their problem, capabilities, environmental factors (such as support system and family), as well as their presenting problem. This is established during the initial and all-important assessment process.
  • Collaborative with therapeutic orientation
    The aim is to work towards positive change to a problem in a collaborative and efficient way. The approach to therapy has a certain structure, where goals and an overall plan to achieving these goals are discussed with the client in advance in order to reach a collective understanding. However, other clients might seek assistance not to address a 'problem' as such, but rather to assist them in using their strengths to further facilitate personal growth, set goals, and to enhance life balance and general well-being.
  • Practical matter of a fact approach
    A very practical matter of a fact approach that easily solves minor problems and is especially used when the issue is of an immediate concern. For example a child bedwetting at an inappropriate age.
  • View client on equal basis with support
    Never looking down upon clients (as if to be in a position of hierarchy or authority), but rather viewing them on an equal basis. An understanding that therapy can be an intense and intimidating process in that it helps clients gain a greater insight on both the positive and negative aspects of their personalities. However, it is also essential that the client is offered a supporting environment and is seen in an unconditional positive regard. Seeing that we are all humans, therapy should not harmful but proactive.
  • Refer to psychiatrist for medication
    If a case can only be treated using medication, then the client will be informed of this immediately and referred to a psychiatrist. The client does not need to continue their therapy consultation for the interim unless the psychiatrist is not available for talk therapy.
  • Systems therapy utilised for families
    If the identified patient's issue involves surrounding family members then systems therapy is utilised. The identified patient is not seen as the problem but the rather the family, as a system is working in a way that the symptoms of the identified patient are present as a result of pre-existing issues within their environment that might have caused the symptoms. In this case, all of the immediate or relevant family members will be called in for a family therapy process. For instance, a child or teenager can act out in an aggressive manner as a way of receiving attention from the rest of the family.
  • Focus on choices client is willing to accept
    A belief that rather than freewill, the client's choices are more than likely limited as a result of all his/her past experiences, thus its better to work with choices that the client is willing to accept as opposed to attempting to "alter" his/her personality. As such, therapy is based on the bio psychosocial model of causality of a disorder.

Remember, it all begins with the psychological assessment: clients must be properly assessed by the clinical psychologist or the client is referred to the psychologist by a psychiatrist or other mental health professional. This helps determine what the problem truly is, and then the most appropriate course of treatment.

Read more about my approach to therapy